The first intergovernmental agreement on scientific and technological cooperation between Germany and the USSR became effective on 7 July 1987. This date marks the official beginning of scientific cooperation between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Russian Federation. The main aims of Germany's cooperation with Russia are the development of collaborative relations between scientific, research and intermediary organizations and universities, the intensification of bilateral cooperation in the area of innovation-orientated applied research, especially with the participation of companies, the exchange of young scientists and the establishment of joint research institutions. The new agreement replaces the agreement on cooperation in scientific and technological fields between the Federal Government of Germany and the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, thus taking into account the changes that have occurred in the twenty years after the end of the Soviet Union in the relations of both countries.
The Federal Government of Germany is also planning to establish a German science and innovation house in Moscow, which is supposed to act as a single umbrella for the activities of organizations operating in Russia and as a platform for encounters.