The system of R&D management accepted in Uzbekistan is based on state support of fundamental & applied research by awarding grants for relevant projects through their peer-review selection.
S&T priority fields for the country are formed taking into consideration main priorities for socio-economic development, as well as modern trends of global science development.
The research complex of Uzbekistan includes more than 361 institutions in academic, higher education, medical and agricultural spheres (193 research institutes, 76 universities, 65 design organisations, 32 scientific & production associations and experimental enterprises). The number of research institutes has decreased due to the reorganisation of the Uzbekistan Academy of Sciences.
The Committee for Coordination of Science and Technology Development under the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan (CCSTD), The Academy of Sciences, Ministry of Higher and Secondary Specialized Education, Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources and Ministry of Healthcare of Uzbekistan are the main ministries with the biggest scientific research infrastructure.
The Committee for Coordination of Science and Technology Development under the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan (CCSTD) is the main governmental body responsible for implementing the state S&T policy. CCSTD was established by the Decree of the President of Uzbekistan No. 436 dated 7 August 2006.
The Committee for Coordination of Science and Technology Development under the Cabinet of Ministers of Uzbekistan approved the priority directions for the development of science and technology for 2012-2020, which were developed by the leading scientists and specialists of the country jointly with the ministries and departments concerned.
The priority directions for the development of science and technology for 2012-2020 comprise the following thematic areas:
The main tasks of CCSTD are as follows:
Organisational chart of CCSTD
The Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan (hereinafter referred to as Academy) is the highest scientific organisation in the country, that is carrying out fundamental, applied and innovative research (hereinafter – research or research investigations) in science, technology, culture and education, and providing effective management and coordination of scientific research and timely introduction of the achievements of science and high technologies in practice helps to improve the intellectual, economic and spiritual potential of the state. It unites academicians and foreign members of the Academy of Sciences, as well as research fellows and specialists working in its institutions.
The Academy is financed by state budgetary and extra budgetary funds attracted and invested in the prescribed manner.
The Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan performs the following tasks:
The Academy of Sciences consists of 28 research institutions and 4 State museums, 4 fundamental library and 1 training center which are organised into three organisational complex according to scientific areas:
Currently, the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan accounts for more than 4793 scientific staff members, including over 2200 scientific workers, 73 Academicians, 281 Doctors and 745 candidates of Science.
To date, Academics and other leading scientists of the Academy of Sciences conduct their activities in various fields of science and education. Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan is actively involved in international cooperation, scientific contacts are established and joint research is conducted with research organisations, scientific societies, institutions and universities of more than 40 countries of the world.
Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan in recent years successfully developed international scientific and technical links with its traditional partners from the CIS countries - Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Azerbaijan, and the United States, Germany, France, China, Korea, Japan, Turkey, Egypt and other countries.
Bilateral agreements on cooperation were concluded with the Royal Society of Great Britain, Russian Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, National Academy of Sciences of Belorussia, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Academy of Scientific Research and Technology of Egypt, and the academies of sciences of other countries. Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan is one of the founders of the International Association of Academies of Sciences (MAAN or IAAS), the membership of which includes the national academies of 15 countries. In order to enhance the scientific and technical cooperation, to introduce in the process the latest technologies created by Uzbek scientists, as well as to realize practical application of research and development projects, the Academy of Sciences established a close cooperation with such well-known foreign firms and companies as "Telecom" (Malaysia), "Sandoz-Agro" ( Switzerland), "Latoksan" (France), "EN Technology Incorporation" (Korea), "Chemotrade GmbH" (Germany) and others. Scientific institutions of AS RUz concluded 26 international agreements on bilateral scientific and scientific-technical cooperation.
Under the Ministry of Higher and Secondary Specialized Education of the Republic of Uzbekistan there are 72 universities and research institutes, with the highest research potential (approx. 65% of PhD researchers are working in this system). A further strength of the higher education research infrastructure is that it is located not only in the capital city Tashkent, but also in the provinces: the universities of Samarkand, Bukhara, Khorezm, Fergana and Termez have strong research teams and well equipped labs, which successfully participate not only in domestic research programmes, but also in programmes and calls of such international organisations as the Volkswagen Foundation, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, Goethe-Institute, DAAD, GIZ, JICA, KOICA, TEMPUS, Erasmus Mundus, etc.
International cooperation in the high education sphere is conducting by intergovernmental and interdepartmental agreement with Republic of China, Korea, Malaysia, Egypt, Sultanate of Oman, Russian Federation, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and other countries.
The Universities of Uzbekistan have direct cooperation with leading Universities of the USA, Germany, Great Britain, France, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Republic of China, Malaysia, India, the Russian Federation and other countries in the framework of inter-institutional agreements.
The Scientific & Production Centre of Agriculture under the leadership of the Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources is the biggest R&D infrastructure of Uzbekistan in the field of agriculture, with 12 research institutes and 6 higher education establishments. Research carried out at the centre is directed at solving the main S&T problems in the agricultural industry (breeding of new varieties of cotton and other industrial crops, resistance of plants to environmental stresses, water-saving technologies, new effective fertilizers, horticulture, etc.). At present this centre is actively co-operating with Korea and Austria.
The Ministry of Healthcare is the central body of governmental management of healthcare and it depends on Cabinet of Ministers in its activity.
The Ministry accomplishes its work in interaction with other state administration bodies, executive bodies of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, regions, city of Tashkent and public organisations.
Under the Ministry of Healthcare there are 3 scientific-practical centres, 5 scientific-research institutes, 5 practical centres, 10 educational institutions and 14 territorial bodies. The total number of persons involved in R&D in the field of medicine and development of new effective drugs is more than 5074.
In addition to the institutes and universities subordinate to the aforementioned ministries, there are another 143 institutes and universities belonging to other ministries and independent entities which also have rather significant research potential (approx. 25%). Coordination and financing of the R&D activities of these entities are executed directly by CCSTD and this research covers practically all priority S&T fields.
A grant-based system of state support for research activities has been introduced on a competitive basis. In 2014, 1742 projects of fundamental and applied research and innovative developments were implemented in the framework of state scientific and technical programs.
Distribution of The State Scientific and Technical Programs’ grants through the Ministries and Offices
Main R&D funding institutions and mechanisms:
Under the conditions for the realisation of economic reforms on the transition of the republic to a market economy, the necessity of developing the appropriate principles for regulation of scientific and technical activity is urgently dictated. The principle of state support for the development of scientific and innovation activity is well known from global experience. This support is fully orientated towards the final scientific and technological results, the competitive selection of perspective applied research and the development as well as the stimulation of competitiveness of intellectual production, the effective functioning of economic and the legal mechanisms, thereby determining the responsibility of the participants in scientific, technical and innovative activity for the results of work and targeted use of state funds
At the same time, the state support through financial assets and material resources is carried out not for the separate establishments of science and hierarchical structures but for concrete programmes and projects.
Competitive innovative scientific and technical projects cover applied scientific R & D in the field of natural and technical sciences as well as design and technological work. At the same time development should be focused on obtaining concrete "commodities".
The results as trial samples of installations or experimental batches of production arising from the purposes and tasks of calls on the basis of significant results, inventions, advanced technologies, etc.
State programs of basic and applied research and international co-operation are developed on the basis of peer-review selection of the proposals submitted to the Academy of Sciences, Ministry of Higher and Secondary Specialized Education, Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources, Ministry of Healthcare by their subordinate institutes and universities and CCSTD. The indicated ministries receive funds for execution of relevant programs from the Ministry of Finance.
Scientific potential of the country:
There are more than 400 institutions involved in scientific research, which employ about 35.5 thousand scientists, researchers and professionals, 2.5 thousand of them are candidates of sciences and 9.2 thousand are PhDs. The Presidential Decree PD-4456 of 24 July 2012 "On further improvement of the system of training and certification of scientific and scientific-pedagogical personnel has introduced a single-staged system of graduate education which meets international standards.
Last update: June 2016
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(general information - research structure - research policies - international cooperation) (URL: http://www.increast.eu/_media/Uzbekistan_Country_Report_EN_2016.pdf)