Official name of the country: Ukraine
Population: The population of Ukraine is 42 708 647 mln people (as of 01 April 2016, temporary occupied Crimea is not included). It is one of the most densely populated countries in Europe, and the average population density is 75,3 persons per 1 sq. km (as for 2016). Ukraine is the fifth in Europe (after Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France) and 21st in the world in the terms of population.
The urban population makes 68%, rural - 32%. Average life expectancy for men is appr. 66 years, for women - 76 years. Ukrainians make 77, 82 % of the total population. 23 % of Ukrainian citizens are representatives of other nationalities: Russians, Belarusians, Moldavians, Bulgarians, Poles, Hungarians, Romanians, Greeks, Tatars, Armenians, Gypsies, Crimean Tatars, Germans and others.
Area: Ukraine is situated in the central part of the Eastern Europe. It borders Belarus, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Poland and Slovakia. Ukraine has the longest border with Russia. It stretches 893 km from the north to the south, and 1316 km from the west to the east. The country's territory is 603.7 sq. km.
Capital: Kyiv is the largest city and the capital of Ukraine. It is the most significant political, economic, scientific and cultural centre of the country. It is also the centre of Kyiv oblast. The population of Kyiv is 2 909 455 mln. people (as of 1 April 2016).
System of Government: Ukraine has a parliamentary and presidential system of government. The basic principles of the state order in Ukraine are defined by the Constitution of Ukraine - the Fundamental Law, according to which 'Ukraine shall be a sovereign and independent, democratic, social, law-based state.' According to Article 5 of the Constitution, 'Ukraine shall be a republic.'
Head of State: President of Ukraine – Petro Poroshenko. The status of the President of Ukraine is defined in Chapter V of the Constitution of Ukraine, which stipulates the rights and responsibilities of the President as the Head of State.
Head of Government: Prime Minister – Volodymyr Groysman (since 14 April 2016).
Education & Science Minister: Minister of Education and Science of Ukraine – Liliia Hrynevych.
Parliament: The sole body of legislative power in Ukraine is the parliament - the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. The constitutional membership of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine shall comprise 450 people's deputies of Ukraine elected on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot.
Administrative structure: The President of Ukraine is the Head of State. The highest executive authority in Ukraine is the Cabinet of Ministers. It is formed and acts according to the provisions of the Constitution of Ukraine and the Law of Ukraine 'On the Cabinet of Ministers'. The Cabinet of Ministers is reported to the Verhovna Rada. The Cabinet of Ministers has the Department of Humanitarian Policy which deals with the issues related to science and technology.
Geography: Ukraine is the largest country entirely located in Europe. It represents 5.7% of the total area of Europe and 0.44% of the world's dry land surface. Ukraine stretches 1,316 km from west to east and 893 km from north to south. Ukraine borders with Belarus to the north, Poland to the west, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and Moldova to the southwest, and Russia to the east and northeast. Its southern territories are washed by the Black Sea and the Azov Sea. Most of the country is flat, with mountains only in its western part, as well as its southern part, the Crimea. These are the Carpathian Mountains and the Crimean Mountains. The highest Ukrainian mountain peak is Hoverla (2,061 m) in the Carpathian Mountains. Ukraine's climate is mainly moderately continental. However, there is a subtropical area in the southern part of the Crimea.
Last update: May 2016
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(general information - research structure - research policies - international cooperation) (URL: http://www.increast.eu/_media/Ukraine_Country_Report_EN_2016.pdf)
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(November 2011, compiled as an annex to the "White Paper on Opportunities and Challenges in View of Enhancing the EU Cooperation with Eastern Europe, Central Asia, and South Caucasus in Science, Research, and Innovation".) (URL: http://www.increast.eu/_media/Country_Report_Ukraine_2011.pdf)