Kyrgyzstan

General country information

Official name of the country: The Kyrgyz Republic

Population: 6,019,000 (population growth rate: 2%)

Area: 199,900 km2

Capital: Bishkek

System of Government: Parliamentary Republic

Head of the State: Almazbek Atambaev, President

Head of the Government: Sooronbai Jeenbekov, Prime Minister

Minister of Education and Science: Elvira Sarieva

Parliament: Parliamentary speaker – Chynybai Tursunbekov

Administrative structure: Kyrgyzstan is divided into eight administrative districts and seven provinces (oblasts). Oblasts are divided into 39 districts. There are 4 districts in Bishkek. Districts consist of a total of 429 local communities (Ail Okmotu).

Geography: The Kyrgyz Republic was established on 31 August 1991, when the country's parliament officially declared the Kyrgyz Republic to be an independent, sovereign, democratic state with complete and indivisible territory and its own constitution. Kyrgyzstan is located in the north-eastern part of Central Asia. It stretches 900 km from east to west and 425 km from north to south. The borders of the Republic mostly lie on natural boundaries – the crests of mountain ranges, and rivers. Kyrgyzstan shares borders with China, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.

Transition to sustainable development: In accordance with the National Strategy of Sustainable Development of the Kyrgyz Republic for 2017, the Government's programme and plan on transition to sustainable development (2013-2017) approved by the Decree of the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic No. 218 dated 30 April 2013 and approved by Decree of the Parliament of the Kyrgyz Republic N 3693 – V dated 18 December 2013, the main priorities of the Kyrgyz Republic are as follows:

  1. Ensuring energy security of the country with the introduction of elements of green and low-carbon energy with minimal impact on the environment;
  2. Development of the mining industry with the rational use of mineral/raw potential in terms of minimising the impact on the environment and public health;
  3. Development of agriculture by creating conditions to encourage production growth and improvement of product quality, ensure food security in the country and minimise the impact on the environment;
  4. Development of the tourism industry through the creation of conditions to encourage the formation of a sustainable and competitive tourism product whilst preserving cultural and historical sites with minimal negative impact on the environment;
  5. Development of the transport infrastructure by improving accessibility and achieving maximum satisfaction of the population with regard to transport services by reducing the harmful effects of transport on the environment;
  6. Formation of an innovative activity system to improve the competitiveness of the country's economy;
  7. Development of scientific and innovative fields in the country;
  8. Effective implementation of the results of scientific and research activity, new technologies and innovations;
  9. Development of the national system of scientific, technical and economic information, information and telecommunication system and technologies.

Source: EIMO
Last update: August 2016

Documents

  • Country Report 2016: Kyrgyzstan

    [PDF - 2.68 MB]

    (general information - research structure - research policies - international cooperation) (URL: http://www.increast.eu/_media/Kyrgyzstan_Country_Report_EN_2016.pdf)

  • Country Report 2011: Kyrgyzstan

    [PDF - 1.22 MB]

    (November 2011, compiled as an annex to the "White Paper on Opportunities and Challenges in View of Enhancing the EU Cooperation with Eastern Europe, Central Asia, and South Caucasus in Science, Research, and Innovation".) (URL: http://www.increast.eu/_media/Country_Report_Kyrgyzstan_2011.pdf)

Contact Persons

  • Jyldyz Bakashova

    • EIMO – Eurasian Institute of International Relations
    • 208, Abdrakhmanov str.
    • 720040 Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
    • Telephone: +996 312 304675
    • Fax: +996 312 304688
    • Email Address: j.k.bakashova@gmail.com