Country name: The Kyrgyz Republic
Area: 199, 951 sq km
System of Government: Parliamentary Republic
Head of the State: Almazbek Atambaev, President
Head of the Government: Omurbek Babanov, Prime Minister
Minister of Education and Science: Kanat Sadykov
Parliament: The sole body of legislative power in Kyrgyzstan is the parliament – Zhogorku Kenesh of the Kyrgyz Republic. 120 members of the Zhogorku Kenesh represent five different parties. As a result, government is formed by coalition of four parties, one party is in opposition.
Administrative structure: Kyrgyzstan is divided into seven provinces (oblasts) administered by appointed governors, and two cities with municipal status. Each province comprises of a number of districts (raions).
Geography and nature: is a landlocked nation in Central Asia, it is bordered on the east and southeast by China, on the north by Kazakhstan, on the west by Uzbekistan and on the south by Tajikistan. The terrain of Kyrgyzstan is dominated by the Tian Shan and Pamir mountain systems, which together occupy about 65 % of the national territory.
The climate varies regionally. The south-western Fergana Valley is subtropical and extremely hot in summer. The northern foothills are temperate, and the Tian Shan varies from a dry continental to polar climate, depending on elevation. In the coldest areas, temperatures are sub-zero for around 40 days in winter, and even some desert areas experience constant snowfall during this period.
Last up-date: 13 March 2012
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(general information - research structure - research policies - international cooperation) (URL: http://www.increast.eu/_media/Kyrgyzstan_Country_Report_EN_2012.pdf)
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(November 2011, compiled as an annex to the "White Paper on Opportunities and Challenges in View of Enhancing the EU Cooperation with Eastern Europe, Central Asia, and South Caucasus in Science, Research, and Innovation".) (URL: http://www.increast.eu/_media/Country_Report_Kyrgyzstan_2011.pdf)