Country name: The Republic of Kazakhstan
Population: Population: 16,71 mln. persons (01.03.2012). Population density is 6 persons/km2. The urban population is 57%, hence 43% is rural.
Area: The territory of Kazakhstan is as large as 2,724,900 sq km (i.e. 1,049,150 sq miles). In terms of the area it is the second largest among the CIS states. It occupies the ninth place in the world according to its square after Russia, China, USA, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, India and Australia. In fact the territory of Kazakhstan exceeds that occupied by twelve countries of the European Union.
Kazakhstan borders upon the following states: China- 1,460 km - long border; Kyrgyzstan - 980 km; Turkmenistan - 380 km; Uzbekistan – 2,300 km; the Russian Federation – 6,467 km. Total length of borders amounts to 12,187 km.
System of Government: Kazakhstan is a unitary state with a presidential system of government. The President is elected by direct, privy, universal suffrage for 7 years. The first and current President of the Republic of Kazakhstan is Nursultan Nazarbayev.
The head of the executive power in Kazakhstan is the Government, and the head of the Government is the Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The Government is responsible to the President in its activity and is accountable to the Parliament in connection with approval or alteration of the government programmes.
The judicial branch consists of the Supreme Court (44 members) and the Constitutional Council (7 members).
Important political decisions in the state must be approved by the President (Nursultan Nazarbayev), the Government (Prime Minister Karim Masimov), and the Parliament. The Parliament consists of two Chambers: Senate (Speaker Kairat Mami) and Majilis (Speaker Nurlan Nigmatulin) acting on a constant basis.
Head of the Government: The Prime Minister is Karim Masimov.
Minister of Education and Science: The Minister of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan is Prof. Dr. Bakhytzhan Zhumagulov.
Parliament: The Parliament consists of two chambers: Senate and Mazhilis acting on a constant basis.
The Senate (47 members) is formed by the deputies elected by two persons from each region, cities of the republican value and capitals of the Republic of Kazakhstan (RK). Fifteen deputies are nominated by the President of the Kazakhstan for the term of Senate authorities. The half of elected Senate deputies is re-elected each three years. The term of authorities of the Members of the Senate is six years.
The Mazhilis consists of one hundred seven deputies. Ninety-eight deputies of the Mazhilis are elected from political parties in accordance to the parties’ lists. Nine Mazhilis deputies are elected by the Assembly of Peoples of Kazakhstan. The term of authorities of the Mazhilis deputies is five years.
Administrative structure: The capital of Kazakhstan is Astana city (since December 10, 1997). Population – 687,7 thsd. persons. The Republic are divided to 14 regions, 86 cities including 2 cities of the republican subjection (Astana and Almaty), 168 regions (8 regions in the cities), and 174 villages.
Geography: Kazakhstan is located on the border of two continents, Europe and Asia. With the total area of 2,724,900 square kilometers, it stretches from the Caspian Sea and Volga plains in the west to the mountainous Altai in the east, and from the foothills of Tien Shan in the south and south-east to the West-Siberian lowland in the north. The extent of the territory from east to west is more than 3,000 kilometers and from North to South – 1,700 kilometers. This makes Kazakhstan ninth largest country in the world and second largest in the CIS. Kazakhstan borders on Russia in the east, north and northwest, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan in the south, and China in the south-east.
Last up-date: 20 April 2012
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(RTDI policies, funding, stakeholders, international cooperation, recommendations) (URL: http://www.increast.eu/_media/SnT_Policy_Mix_Peer_Review_for_Kazakhstan_Final_Report.pdf)
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(research structure - research policies - international cooperation) (URL: http://www.increast.eu/_media/Kazakhstan_Country_Report_April_2012_ENG.pdf)
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(November 2011, compiled as an annex to the "White Paper on Opportunities and Challenges in View of Enhancing the EU Cooperation with Eastern Europe, Central Asia, and South Caucasus in Science, Research, and Innovation".) (URL: http://www.increast.eu/_media/Country_Report_Kazakhstan_2011.pdf)