Population: 8532.7 thsd persons (beginning of 2008)
Area: 86.6 thsd square kilometres
System of Government: The Presidential Republic
Head of the Government: Prime Minister
Science Minister: There is no ministry of science in Azerbaijan. Mahmud Kerimov is the President of ANAS.
Parliament: Parliament (Milli Majlis) consists of 125 members elected by direct elections.
Administrative structure: 59 districts (rayons), 11 cities, one autonomous republic
Geography (short description, up to 300 characters): The country is situated at longitude 44º and 52º East, latitude 38º and 42º North. Baku is situated on 40 parallel. The distance from Baku to the North pole is 5,550 km, to the equator it is 4,440 km. Azerbaijan borders by in the South with Iran (765 km) and Turkey (15 km), in the North with Russia (390 km), in the North-West with Georgia (480 km), in the West with Armenia (1007 km) and in the East with the Caspian Sea, with mountainous regions to the North and West and vast, arid lowlands to the East and South.
Last up-date: 2008
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(November 2011, compiled as an annex to the "White Paper on Opportunities and Challenges in View of Enhancing the EU Cooperation with Eastern Europe, Central Asia, and South Caucasus in Science, Research, and Innovation".) (URL: http://www.increast.eu/_media/Country_Report_Azerbaijan_revised_1June2012.pdf)